Name: Marcos Cândido Mendonça
Type: PhD thesis
Publication date: 15/05/2020
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Carlos Teixeira de Campos Júnior Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Carlo Eugenio Nogueira Internal Examiner *
Carlos Teixeira de Campos Júnior Advisor *
Leonardo Civale External Examiner *
Luis Carlos Tosta dos Reis Internal Examiner *
Marta Zorzal e Silva External Examiner *

Summary: This study investigates the construction of the city of Guaçuí, located in the Itabapoana capixaba valley, with regard to housing production and the creation of urban infrastructure, especially between 1920 and 1960. It refers to the study of the production of urban space from the private agents of production, personified in the builder, the worker and the landowner. The analysis was made by the study of the production of urban space as an alternative for capital appreciation through the construction of the city. This research was based on literature review, documentary material (government reports, real estate transmissions records, journal information, among other media) and testimonials obtained from people who were knowledgeable about local history. The theoretical framework of analysis sought to apprehend the city (its built space) in interface with the economic structure as urban conditions necessary for the reproduction of capital. To this end, it was necessary to understand the economic significance of private land ownership for construction activity and the role of the city as a regional pole in the productive structure. The conclusion is that capital originated in the countryside and in commerce found in the construction of the city alternatives to reproduce itself and thus interfere with the spatial configuration of the city. In this sense, we investigated the strategies of local capitalists in the creation of urban infrastructure (electricity, water supply, sewage and garbage collection), hotel activity, urban land trade, and the production (or control) of rental housing. Examination of theses initiatives revealed that the construction of the city was dominated by the prospect of capitalization of income through the appreciation of real estate. This process, by interfering with the way it was produced, revealed a sample of the effects of capitalist logic on the spatial configuration of the city through modern elite-built housing, in contrast to working-class rental housing built by repeating design. As a result of the marketing logic in the city’s production, the first production experiences for the construction market took shape in Guaçuí, which reinforce the homogenization of the built forms and the social differentiation of spaces.

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